China’s increasing presence in Africa has been the result of a gradual buildup in economic relations since the turn of the century. Although this relationship has been the focus of much negative publicity in the western media, the fact remains that China has surpassed the United States as the largest trading partner of Africa (as a continent), threatening the American economic hegemony. Much of this relationship has focused on natural resources, as China looks abroad to disparate sources to fuel its domestic expansion. Notably, as with most other nations not the United States, China has run a trade surplus with Africa, reinforcing the imbalanced nature of China’s trade relationship with the United States. Given that China’s expanding influence continues to subsidize American consumption costs, American political concern appears to originate from an imperial perspective.