I will examine the Chinese textile industry, and how China became one of the world leaders in textile exports. Of particular interest is how Chinese production affected manufacturing in the American south, as well as Mexico and Central America. I will study the effects of the Multi-Fiber Agreement, the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing, and China’s entry into the WTO. I hypothesize that a combination of trade liberalization through international treaties and low wages gave China a comparative advantage in textile manufacturing. I will also look at what effect, if any, Chinese cotton production has had on textile manufacturing.