China’s one child policy is perhaps one of its most reputable domestic policies. Recent changes in Beijing have undermined the system once designed to control population growth. The system has received significant criticism recently with accusations of force sterilization and abortions by local officials. With a population of 1 billion, growth is a major concern for the health of the economy and political environment. However, China’s population is aging and the birth rate is decreasing. This poses an issue for the world 2nd largest economy, whose population growth has been all but stagnant over the past 5 years. A demographic crisis could easily emerge if there is not significant replacement to the labor force. This phenomena is starting to be felt countries such as Italy, where aging citizens are depending on a smaller than necessary work force to generate tax proceeds in order to support entitlement programs. China’s policy reform comes with a wave of modifications to the bureaucracy in an effort to streamline government processes and sustain recent economic growth. While there have been no changes in the law, the government is stripping power from the regulatory agency.