For the past half century, China has lived by the mantra, “five principles of peaceful coexistence” that advocates for a foreign policy of noninterventionism. Aside from a few instances, China has maintained a relatively neutral foreign policy. One benefit of this strategy is that China was able to maintain commercial interests abroad with countries that are shunned by the rest of the world. It also distinguished the nation as a developing country from the rest of the Western powers. When China has taken part in diplomatic tasks, it usually takes a secondary or reluctant role in the interactions.
Lately however, China has begun to spearhead programs intended to promote peace in the middle east. China is working with Pakistan and the Taliban to facilitate a political settlement in Afghanistan. With an increase in terrorism within China’s heartland, China has realized the importance of stabilizing radical Islamic groups in the middle east.
As one of the largest superpowers in the world, China has now realized its role in the global geopolitical climate. China is able to use military and economic negotiations to promote peace in troubled economic regions.