Japanese motor company, Toyota, is ending a three year manufacturing freeze put in place after uninhibited growth left many of their production lines idle. The firm will spend about $1.3 billion to build two new car plants in Mexico and one in China, raising their total annual production capacity by around 300,000 cars, 100,000 per new plant. Following the financial crisis, major carmakers were weary of increasing their production capacity, but with US demand back at pre-crisis levels and China’s growing auto market, focus has returned to growth. Toyota’s expansion will put pressure on rivals General Motors and Volkswagen in a cautious global automotive industry. Motivated by increasing demand for cars in China, the plant will produce primarily small and subcompact cars to appeal to the growing Chinese market. The Chinese plant will be located in Guangzhou, producing 100,000 Yaris subcompact vehicles a year starting in 2018, bringing more jobs and pollution to the Southern coast town, and potential issues such as regarding lack of housing, public healthcare and education for temporary and illegal migrants moving in search of higher wages thanks to the hukou system.