According to a New York Times article on China, new HIV cases are rising in china, with “70,000 new cases identified in the first nine months of this year.”
In the past, the means of transmission of the disease were often drug use and untested blood sources, but current trends have 87.1% of all new infections coming from sexual transmission. In the past, a greater proportion of those infected with the disease were from less developed regions, of the country. “Now it has entered cities, and the universities where the so-called elite groups are.” said Dr. Wang, an AIDS specialist at the Chinese equivalent of the CDC. The incidence of infections among young people increased 29% between 2011 and 2012.
University students and urban youth are often educated about the methods for preventing AIDS transmission and have the resources available to do so, but also engage in reckless behavior that puts themselves at risk: “they indulge in high-risk behavior they don’t use their knowledge to protect themselves” said Dr. Wang.
Since 2008, “the proportion of young HIV/AIDS sufferers almost doubled.” To some extent, this trend is increased by the incidence of homosexual male sex in china. Male sexual partners inconsistently use condoms, which increases the spread of the disease.
The World Health Organization Estimates that there were 780,000 people living with HIV in China as of 2011.